Conservation Information
Q1. Is there any human feeding of Formosan macaques or disturbance of wild animals?
A: If verified, any feeding or disturbance of wild animals or Formosan macaques violates the Wildlife Conservation Act and the Kaohsiung City Autonomous Regulations for Wildlife Conservation. Because the Kaohsiung City Government is the regulatory authority, the Planning Office of Shoushan National Nature Park will pass any images of misconduct on to the Agriculture Bureau of the Kaohsiung City Government. The Planning Office will also conduct an investigation as to whether this misconduct violates the National Park Law. Environmental education courses will also be promoted to raise awareness of appropriate behavior and to establish correct attitudes towards macaques in the general public.

Q2. Have there been any incidents of Formosan macaques being beaten by humans?
A: The incident reported in the media was verified to have taken place outside of Shoushan National Nature Park. However, since this misconduct was a violation of the Wildlife Conservation Act, the Planning Office of Shoushan National Nature Park circulated a note to the Agriculture Bureau of the Kaohsiung City Government and locals reported it to local police as well. Staff of the Planning Office will pay more attention to evidence of wounded macaques in their park patrols. Once injuries are found, medical care will be given depending on the situation.
Conflict between humans and Formosan macaques arises from the overlap of living habitats as well as inappropriate behavior and constant disturbance of the macaques by humans. Therefore, the Planning Office will continue to promote environmental education and related affairs so that the public can learn to respect animals and to interact appropriately with the macaques.

Q3. Why are no Formosan macaque corpses ever seen in Shoushan? What is the bone mass of the Formosan macaques at Shoushan? Do they decompose more easily than human bones? So it is difficult to find macaque skeletons?
  1. Macaque corpses can be found in Shoushan National Nature Park. In 2012, there were more than 20 cases reported in which researchers assisted in the handling of Formosan macaque corpses. Most cases were reported by the public and in some cases the bodies were found near hiking trails.
  2. Formosan macaques do not die in a set place or in a particular season nor do they die in groups. Wild animals tend to go to private places alone to die when they are old, weak or seriously ill. Therefore, not every macaque corpse will be discovered.
  3. Owing to the diverse forest of Shoushan National Nature Park, there are dead branches and fallen leaves all year round. Formosan macaque corpses are likely to be covered by plants or other matter. Moreover, macaque habitats are generally remote from areas of human activity so their corpses cannot be easily seen.
  4. There are many kinds of microorganisms in nature so corpses will decompose rapidly.
  5. Other animals in Shoushan National Nature Park may eat or take away dead macaques.

Q4. Has a Formosan macaque ever taken or played with a newborn kitten in Shoushan National Nature Park?
  1. Researchers have observed and recorded interaction (snatching, playing, grooming and so on) between Formosan macaques and other animals (both adults and young) in natural environments in different areas in Taiwan. That is, interacting with other animals is one of the ways Formosan macaques co-exist with other species.
  2. The interest of Formosan macaques in a certain animal species may arise from unfamiliarity with that species so they touch (or disturb) them out of curiosity.
  3. Female Formosan macaques tend to actively approach newborns or touch them out of curiosity. Moreover, females can more easily get the mother's permission to get close to newborns than males. Adolescent males sometimes approach newborns out of curiosity.
  4. It is reported that an adolescent solitary male took newborn kittens several times in the region near the entrance next to Longchuan Temple to the Cathay rest stop. This is a special case so further observation needs to be carried out. It may be because past experience means the solitary male can get a newborn kitten more easily. For this case, it is suggested that the administrative unit can catch the solitary male, put it into an animal shelter for a while, and then release it back into the natural environment.
  5. If you encounter such an incident, do not crowd the macaque, make noise, or try to save the newborn kitten because this will make the macaque anxious, and endanger the kitten further. Please quietly remain at a distance if you want to observe or film the incident.

Last Updated: 2014-11-25